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Water tanks have been a critical devise since the dawn of civilization, water tanks store and make water available for the citizens of cities, counties and states. These resevoiirs take many shapes, lakes, ponds, tanks, bolted steel tanks to a 1million gallons, fiberglass tanks to 50,000 gallons and polyethylene to 20,000 gallons.
The American Water Works Association provides standards and specifications, http://www.awwa.org for assisting you in the development of design.
This article and pictures were submitted and included in http://www.wikipedia.com under Water Tank...
Designing water tanks, requires many considerations.
A... Drinking water for home and cities, polyethylene, fiberglass, welded and bolted steel. AWWA, FDA, NSF certifications guide successful construction and maintenance protocol.
B... Agricultural water considerations include water source, and since the quality water may vary as irrigation and farm animals requirements are different. Animals require clean water, which can originate as rain water, creek or river water, but must be treated to maintain freshness. Materials of construction include clay lined pond or lakes, cisterns of concrete, polyethylene or fiberglass. Above ground storage in bolted steel, welded steel, fiberglass, plastic polyethylene, fiberglass. AWWA is a good specification for general water storage.
C... Fire water is stored in a variety of materials with a wide variance of storage and accessibility functionality. NFPA (National Fire Protection Agency) projects a number of compliance requirements. This specification focuses on presenting a consistent source of fire water to the fire department agencies.
D... Water for food and chemical production, may require additional treatment to meet requirements, Deionization ( DI ), Reverse Osmosis ( RO )
Consider that any water storage tank system is subject to contamination. PH, Algae spores, viruses and bacteria may see accelerated growth to the your storage tanks. Accelerated bacteria growth may cause your stored water to go septic, and grow things you would not want to ingest.